by Ann Millett-Gallant
From Wednesday, Sept 26 – Sunday, Sept 30, Durham hosted the 28th semi-annual Pride Weekend. This festival, which began in 1981 and is the largest LGBT event in North Carolina, included a number of colorful performances, including music, dance, karaoke, DJs, and comedy (especially a headliner by Joan Rivers), parties and get-togethers, lunches and dinners, meetings over coffee, walk and runs, church services, vendors, and a lavish and lively parade. According to their website, the mission of these events is:
- to promote unity and visibility among lesbians, gay men, bisexual and transgendered people
- to promote a positive image through programs and public activities that foster an awareness of our past struggles
- to be recognized as an important and talented sector of our diverse state.
- to support and encourage HIV/AIDS education, breast cancer awareness and basic health education
Although I am in complete support of these missions and always love a good party, I have only attended the parade twice with a friend of mine who is a lesbian. I was thrilled when my new friend, Jay O’Berski, invited me to be a part of the float hosted this year by his Durham-based theater company, The Little Green Pig. We all wore t-shirts in support of Pussy Riot, a Russian, Feminist Punk collective who stage activist Guerilla performances all over Moscow and who were recently incarnated (for more information, see this interview).
This is a photo of me in my Pussy Riot t-shirt in the café of the Durham Whole Foods before the parade. Unfortunately, pouring rain prevented me from marching, or “scooting” in the parade, so I modeled my shirt where other marchers were gathered. Although the parade was inaccessible to me this year, the spirit of the event inspired me.
The Pussy Riot acts relate to Unit 6 of my course BLS 348: Representing Women, “Performance as Resistance,” and most specifically, the activist work of the Guerilla Girls.
The Guerilla Girls are a performance team whose work includes live actions as well as posters and printed projects to critique the masculine biases of art history. The assigned reading for this class, the Introduction and Conclusion to The Guerrilla Girls’ Bedside Companion to the History of Western Art, presents a selection of their written projects, many of which engage irony, satire, and witty sense of humor. The Guerilla Girls call for change and invite others to partake in their protests.
In 1989, the Guerilla Girls challenged the Metropolitan Museum on their lack of representation of female artists. Almost 85% of the Mets’ nudes were female, compared with the only 5% of their collection of work by female artists. This ad above appeared on New York City buses.
Representing Women also includes an assigned reading on homosexual artists: Harmony Hammond, “Lesbian Artists,” in Amelia Jones, ed. The Feminism and Visual Culture Reader, 2nd edition (London, New York: Routledge, 2010), p. 128-129.
After the parade and conducting research for this blog, I became aware that one lesson might not be enough. The Bachelor of Arts in Liberal Studies program emphasizes diversity and the breadth and wealth of differing human experiences.
Jay Parr raised similar points in his blog post of 9/27/11. In “The Significance of a Simple Ring,” he discussed his discomfort at seeing a non-married, homosexual man wearing a ring. Parr analyzed his negative reaction, given his full support of and numerous friendships with the LGBT community. In the specific context of UNCG, Parr stated: “The irony is that the training seminar I was attending was so that I could become a certified Safe Zone ally, so that I could advertise to the university that, hey, if you’re an LGBTQ member of our community and you need someone to talk with about that, I’m here for you.”
Parr then focused on the significance of the ring as a symbol of one’s commitment to their spouse, as well as of the legal and social status of marriage. He advocated that all couples should have the right to the ring and all the significance and rights surrounding it.
Parr’s post predated passage of the marriage amendment to the state constitution in May 2012, which solidified the ban of same sex marriage in North Carolina “Defense of Marriage.” I felt disappointed and defeated by this law, but maybe, at least, it will motivate those who are against such legislation to speak out. Not long after this act, President Obama “came out” with his support of same sex marriage, bringing the discussion to nation attention.
Opponents of same sex marriage say it’s an affront to traditional marriage. Yet, my husband and I, although we are heterosexual, do not have a traditional marriage: we lived together for 3 years before becoming engaged, I proposed to him, and we have no plans, nor desire to have children. Further, I was born without fingers, so I literally can’t wear a ring. Nonetheless, we were allowed to get married, and the minister I found online was, I’m pretty sure, a lesbian. She was ordained, but would not have legally been able to marry a loving partner herself. In my opinion, bans on same sex marriage are an affront to Civil Rights. Interracial marriage was legalized in all states not until 1967, and 45 years later we are debating similar issues. I hope that events like the Pride Parade and public support of same sex marriage will lead toward positive change.
I feel hopeful this Fall, as new television shows such as The New Normal and Couples have strong and openly homosexual characters, adding to the presence of happy, same sex couples on television, in examples such as Modern Family (winner of the most 2012 Emmy awards), Glee, The Ellen DeGeneres Show, and Grey’s Anatomy, as well as popular shows that ended in the past few years, like Ugly Betty and Brothers and Sisters. While I hesitate to wish reality would mirror television in general, this is evidence that perhaps American culture is beginning to have more exposure to and familiarity with so-called “Alternative” lifestyles.
Editor’s note: Ann Millett-Gallant will be giving a book talk about her book, The Disabled Body in Contemporary Art, on Tuesday, November 13, at 3:00 PM, in the Multicultural Resource Center, on the ground floor the Elliott University Center.